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The town of Aguilar had its early beginning as a cattle ranch. It was then a part of Binalatongan (now San Carlos City). The present Poblacion was then covered with verdant forest and tall grasses where deer and other wild animals roamed freely day and night. There were humble huts where the early pioneering Ilocanos from Laoag Ilocos Norte and Pangasinense-settlers and cattle watchers from Binalatongan lived in peace and contentment. The present streets were then mere footpaths. The head or chieftain of the barangay was Apo Francisco Zamuco, the most powerful man in the village. Zamuco came from Barangay of Domalandan, Lingayen by way of the Agno River.

When the Spaniards in Lingayen heard of the flourishing village, they sent Spanish explorers through the town of Salasa (now Bugallon). Some Spanish soldiers and a priest came and organized the village into a “pueblo”. The petition to de-annex it was later filed with the principales (or the Municipal Officials) of Binalatongan which was treated with a cool reception because a large portion of the village was covered with evergreen grass affording a rich pasture land for the latter.

The story was told that one time, a grand wedding feast was being held in Salinap, a barrio of Binalatongan near the Agno River. The principales of Binalatongan attended the party. There was much eating and drinking in the wedding feast that when Don Francisco Zamuco heard of this, he sent his beautiful wife, Doña Maria Magmaong with her maids and escorts to influence the principales of Bilatongan to sign the petition for township. Doña Maria was received with warm welcome by the people and the principales, that when she spoke before the wedding attendees, they were all stunned by her beauty that they could not say “no” when she presented the papers to be signed.

The petition was finally signed on the promise that Doña Maria would go with the principales to Binalatongan and attend a party in her honor. After the petition was endorsed with the principales’ signatures, Doña Maria and her party slipped unnoticed from the feast and fled to Aguilar in great haste in the dead of the night as she was apprehensive of some danger that might beset her should she accepted the invitation of those principales who were already heavily drank. Don Francisco and his “Kailianes” prepared a sumptuous reception in honor of Doña Maria with great rejoicing upon her triumphant return.

The decree establishing Aguilar as an independent civil political unit was issued on 16 July 1805 by Gobernador Heneral Rafael Maria de Aguilar, after whom the town was named. The decree was received in Lingayen on 1 August 1805. However, it was not until 19 January 1806 that the Alcalde Mayor of Pangasinan (now called Governor) was able to carry out the provisions of the decree.

The town was formally inaugurated on 9 May 1806 when the first officials were elected and given their appointments by the Alcalde Mayor. Top-ranked by Don Francisco Zamuco as Gobernadorcillo and Don Juan Manguino as “Teniente Primero” (first lieutenant).

The head of the town was called the “Capitan” or “gobernadorcillo” who was recommended by the parish priest, as assisted by the Anak Banua (Councilor) and the “Banal” (barrio lieutenant). As the population consisted of mix of Pangasinenses and Ilocanos, the system of appointing the municipal officials was alternate – a Pangasinan for one or two years, then an Ilocano. Police power was in the hand of the “Guardia Civil”, headed by a Spanish Officer.

Though official historical records show that Rafael Maria de Aguilar, then Alcalde Mayor of Pangasinan, whom this town was named after, local folklores likewise maintained that Aguilar was identified with an eagle or “aguila” that used to fly around the place at night time and perched on a fence or “alar”-presumably guarding a buried treasure of the town. When the bird was no longer seen, the people named it Aguilar-putting together the words aguila and alar.

As the town grew in population and progressed in agriculture, infrastructure such as the municipal building, school buildings and the Church were built. As early as 1830, the construction of the present convent and the church began. After the church and the convent were finished, the municipal building (then called “presidencia”) and two-room school buildings were built with brick material except the roof which was built with nipa. The present municipal building was the Spanish Presidencia, which was re-modelled in 1924 and in mid-1950’s after the dissidents burned it in May 1950.

With the significant efforts of the early leaders and settlers, the town of Aguilar had gradually transformed into a haven of civilization, peace and comfort. Whatever tales or truth behind this town’s name, the fact remains that Aguilar had successfully metamorphosed from a fifth (5th) to a third (3rd) class stature. With the continued intercession of our patron saint, St. Joseph the Patriarch, whose feast day is commemorated every 19th day of March. Aguilar continues to live up to the splendid treats of an eagle or aguila – soaring high piercingly focused and aggressively clawed with singular objective-authentic sustainable growth and development.


Socio-Economic-Political Development

Table 1


Don Francisco Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1806
Don Domingo Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1807
Don Juan Manguino Gobernadorcillo 1808
Don Domingo Diaz Gobernadorcillo 1809
Don Salvador Decena Gobernadorcillo 1810
Don Juan Manguino Gobernadorcillo 1811
Don Agapito Castillo Gobernadorcillo 1812
Don Salvador Decena Gobernadorcillo 1813
Don Biviano Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1814
Don Francisco Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1815
Don Mariano Tandoc Gobernadorcillo 1816
Don Mariano Jimenez Gobernadorcillo 1817
Don Celestino Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1818
Don Domingo de San Joaquin Gobernadorcillo 1819
Don Jose Orpilla Gobernadorcillo 1820
Don Luis Batuamy Gobernadorcillo 1821
Don Tomas Pablo Gobernadorcillo 1822
Don Biviano Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1823
Don Celesino Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1824
Don Domingo Bautista Gobernadorcillo 1825
Don Rafael Fernandez Gobernadorcillo 1826
Don Adriano Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1827
Don Miguel Arenas Gobernadorcillo 1828
Don Biviano Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1829
Don Antonio Cabacungan Gobernadorcillo 1830
Don Pedro Dela Cruz Gobernadorcillo 1831
Don Tomas Pablo Gobernadorcillo 1832
Don Santiago Guillermo Gobernadorcillo 1833
Don Narciso Butardo Gobernadorcillo 1834
Don Domingo Bautista Gobernadorcillo 1835
Don Santiago Guillermo Gobernadorcillo 1836
Don Adriano Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1837
Don Antonio Julio Gobernadorcillo 1838
Don Santiago Guillermo Gobernadorcillo 1839
Don Adriano Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1840
Don Julian Navarro Gobernadorcillo 1841
Don Joaquin de Parlan Gobernadorcillo 1842
Don Roberto Tandoc Gobernadorcillo 1843
Don Antonio De Guzman Gobernadorcillo 1844
Don Joaquin de Parlan Gobernadorcillo 1845
Don Ariston Meles Gobernadorcillo 1846
Don Joaquin de Parlan Gobernadorcillo 1847
Don Joaquin de Parlan Gobernadorcillo 1848
Don Antonio De Guzman Gobernadorcillo 1849
Don Adriano Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1850
Don Joaquin Lamsen Gobernadorcillo 1851
Don Licerio de Mata Gobernadorcillo 1852
Don Cosme Ollica Gobernadorcillo 1853
Don Joaquin de Parlan Gobernadorcillo 1854
Don Domingo Butardo Gobernadorcillo 1855
Don Ariston Meles Gobernadorcillo 1856
Don Cecilio Garay Gobernadorcillo 1857
Don Pedro Hermogenes Gobernadorcillo 1858
Don Fernando Madrid Gobernadorcillo 1859
Don Cristobal Zamuco Gobernadorcillo 1860
Don Joaquin de Parlan Gobernadorcillo 1861
Don Vicente Castro Gobernadorcillo 1862
Don Constantino Quimzon Gobernadorcillo 1863-1864
Don Favian de Mesa Gobernadorcillo 1865-1866
Don Cayetano de Guzman Gobernadorcillo 1867-1868
Don Joaquin de Parlan Gobernadorcillo 1869-1870
Don Francisco De Guzman Gobernadorcillo 1871-1872
Don Julian Meles Gobernadorcillo 1873-1874
Don Favian de Mesa Gobernadorcillo 1875-1876
Don Constantino Quimzon Gobernadorcillo 1877-1888
Don Antonio de Mesa Gobernadorcillo 1889-1890
Don Lucas Sagles Gobernadorcillo 1891-1892
Don Victoriano Madrid Gobernadorcillo 1893-1894
Don Antonio De Guzman Gobernadorcillo 1895-1896
Don Antonio De Guzman Gobernadorcillo 1897-1898
Don Gregorio Arenas Gobernadorcillo 1899
Don Miguel de Mesa Gobernadorcillo 1899
Don Juan Quimson Gobernadorcillo 1899
Don Antonio De Guzman Gobernadorcillo 1900
Don Saturnino Zaratan Gobernadorcillo 1901-1902
Don Norberto Espino Gobernadorcillo 1903-1904
Don Adriano Abad Gobernadorcillo 1905-1906
Don Anastacio Arieta Presidente Municipal 1907-1909
Don Juan Dumlao Presidente Municipal 1910-1912
Don Balvino Saoi Presidente Municipal 1913
Don Emiliano Madrid Presidente Municipal 1914
Don Balvino Saoi Presidente Municipal 1915
Don Anastacio Arieta Presidente Municipal 1916-1918
Don Raymundo T. Pantaleon Presidente Municipal 1919-1924
Don Teodoro T. Pasion Presidente Municipal 1925-1927
Don Juan E. Dumlao Presidente Municipal 1910-1911
Don Raymundo T. Pantaleon Presidente Municipal 1920-1921
Don Teodoro T. Pasion Presidente Municipal 1925-1927
Don Balvino T. Saoi Presidente Municipal 1928-1930
Don Narciso C. Abalos Presidente Municipal 1931-1939
Don Raymundo T. Pantaleon Municipal Mayor 1940-1946
Don Aurelio L. Pantaleon Acting Municipal Mayor 1947
Don Agapito D. Bachar Municipal Mayor 1948-1951
Don Francisco T. Torio Municipal Mayor 1952-1955
Don Domingo J. Madrid Municipal Mayor 1956-1959, 1960-1963
Don Aurelio L. Pantaleon Municipal Mayor 1964-1967, 1968-1971
Don Jose Z. Repato Municipal Mayor 1972-1980
Don Aurelio L. Pantaleon Municipal Mayor 1980-1986
Hon. Alex F. Madrid OIC-Municipal Mayor May 1986-December 2, 1987
Don Teofilo Z. Concepcion OIC-Municipal Mayor December 3, 1987-February 1, 1988
Don Domingo J. Madrid Municipal Mayor February 2, 1988-March 23, 1992
Don Teofilo Z. Concepcion OIC-Municipal Mayor March 24, 1992-June 30, 1992
Don Angelito A. Nava Municipal Mayor June 30, 1992-August 11, 1992
Doña Emma S. Ballesteros Municipal Mayor August 12, 1992-December 14, 2000
Hon. Roldan C. Sagles Municipal Mayor December 14, 2000-June 30, 2001
Hon. Ricardo T. Evangelista Municipal Mayor July 1, 2001-June 30, 2010
Hon. Eduardo T. Ballesteros Municipal Mayor July 1, 2010 to present


Table 2

Hon. Eduardo T. Ballesteros Municipal Mayor
Hon. Roldan C. Sagles Municipal Vice Mayor
Hon. Renato L. Cervantes Municipal Councilor
Hon. Jessie S. Posadas Municipal Councilor
Hon, Crispin B. Repato, Jr. Municipal Councilor
Hon.  Ross M. Soriano Municipal Councilor
Hon. Jesus M. Zamuco, Jr. Municipal Councilor
Hon. Magdalena O. Sison Municipal Councilor
Hon. Rosendo T. Fernandez Municipal Councilor
Hon. Evelyn G. Villanueva Municipal Councilor
PB  Mimi O. Sison ABC President
SK President Jhuben D. Sarzaba SKF President


Table 3

Brgy. Capt. Magnolia R. Gelido Brgy. Captain, Bayaoas
Brgy. Capt. Geormy Bobbit R. Abalos Brgy. Captain, Baybay
Brgy. Capt. Ernesto P. Cervantes Brgy. Captain, Bocacliw
Brgy. Capt. Arturo S. Posadas Brgy. Captain, Bocboc East
Brgy. Capt. Ronilo L. Formentera Brgy. Captain, Bocboc West
Brgy. Capt. Conrado T. Hermosado, Jr. Brgy. Captain, Buer
Brgy. Capt. Rolando R. Silao Brgy. Captain, Calsib
Brgy. Capt. Betty O. Ballesteros Brgy. Captain, Laoag
Brgy. Capt. Julian P. Fernandez Brgy. Captain, Manlocboc
Brgy. Capt. Gerardo T. Tamayo Brgy, Captain, Niñoy
Brgy. Capt. Melicio B. Manolid Brgy. Captain, Panacol
Brgy. Capt. Jesus M. Zamuco, Sr. Brgy. Captain, Poblacion
Brgy. Capt. Mimi O. Sison Brgy. Captain, Pogomboa
Brgy. Capt. Warly G. Paragas Brgy. Captain, Pogonsili
Brgy. Capt. Alfonso M. Natoc Brgy. Captain, San Jose
Brgy. Capt. Agapito T. Pastrana Brgy. Captain, Tampac